One Mom’s Mission to Advance Leukemia Breakthroughs in Honor of Her Son
August 30, 2021
After her 15-year-old son, Will, died of leukemia, Claudia Maniatis made it her mission to give more cancer patients a fighting chance through research. Read how her foundation is supporting groundbreaking new discoveries at Children’s Colorado – all in honor of Will.
14-year-old Will Maniatis hadn’t felt “right” for several weeks before he and his family received the devastating news that he had Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). Despite two aggressive rounds of chemotherapy, participation in a clinical trial for an alternate therapy and a bone marrow transplant, Will died in February of 2020.
“They threw everything at him that they knew of,” says Will’s mom, Claudia Maniatis, of his caregivers at Children’s Hospital Colorado. “They consulted with the top AML doctors across the country but there were no other options. He was a healthy kid, but Will died 14 months after he was diagnosed because of a lack of research.”
Although many advances have been made in the treatment of Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL), the most common form of childhood cancer, therapies for pediatric AML have not changed much since the 1990s. Chemotherapy for AML is intense, often causing serious infections or even heart failure, and the treatment is not sufficiently effective. For every 10 children diagnosed with AML, only about six are cured long-term. The rest will have disease that persists despite therapy or will suffer relapse after initially responding to therapy.
Maniatis describes Will as very “hands on” and involved with his treatment.
“When he learned that his cancer was terminal, the first thing he said was, ‘Kids like me deserve more attention and better treatment options.’ It was Will’s wish that inspired me to launch the WillStrong Cancer Foundation to support researchers who are working on advancements in the lab right now,” says Maniatis.
The foundation made its first gift in 2020 to support the work of Amanda Winters, MD/PhD, who specializes in treating leukemias, lymphomas and pre-cancerous bone marrow diseases at the Children’s Colorado Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders. Through her research, Dr. Winters is trying to develop better methods for detecting low-level AML disease to pre-emptively treat patients at high risk of relapsing. She is also pursuing more targeted pediatric AML therapies that, unlike chemo, will eradicate the leukemia cells while sparing healthy organs and tissues.
With support from WillStrong, Children’s Colorado was able to purchase a digital polymerase chain reaction (PCR) machine for Dr. Winters’ research. A PCR machine can rapidly make millions of copies of a single DNA sample, so that researchers can study cells more closely and monitor disease more effectively. With this new instrument, Dr. Winters and her colleagues can more quickly perform new tests to differentiate leukemia cells from normal cells.
“The capabilities that we have in the clinic are good, but our ability to change or adjust therapy is only as good as the technology we have available,” says Dr. Winters. “This emerging technology allows for more sensitive detection of disease and will help us to identify patients who are at risk of relapse, so that we can intervene before they actually relapse clinically.”
Funding supports better treatment options
Because medial research requires a ready supply of tissue samples, WillStrong recently made a three-year commitment for equipment and salary support for a lab technician to work in the “biobank” at the Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders. The biobank contains solid tumor, blood and bone marrow cells from patients who have consented to have their samples stored and used for future research purposes. Having “fresh” samples to study is important because it allows researchers to study cancer and other diseases in their most relevant form – and see how unique cells respond to emerging therapies.
“Much of the work researchers do is based on cell lines from patients from decades ago that have been propagated over and over again,” explains Dr. Winters. “That’s a starting point, but those cells don’t retain all of the biology of the original disease, so it’s not as accurate as studying primary patient samples.”
Currently, the biobank contains about 100 ALL and 50 AML samples, so Dr. Winters and other researchers will now have the material they need to explore new ideas for treatment for many years.
WillStrong also supports Children’s Hospital Colorado’s participation in a multi-institutional clinical trial to test the effectiveness of a new drug combination — venetoclax and azacytidine — in treating myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), a pre-AML type of bone marrow disease.
“The combination of these two drugs has shown a great deal of promise in treating adult AML,” says Dr. Winters. “Now we want to study this drug regimen more in-depth with pediatric patients— not those with relapsed or refractory disease, but as a first-line therapy. This way, we can better understand how the drugs work and try to predict when and for whom they will or won’t be effective, so we can develop more targeted treatments.”
“Research like this could hold the key to unlocking novel therapies,” concludes Maniatis. “Ultimately, that’s what we all want: we want to give these kids a fighting chance.”